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from the "Itali" population living in the present-day Calabria (the tip of the Italian peninsula) in the first millennium BC.
301.260 squared kilometres, 125.470 squared kilometres of which are hills and mountains
20 regions, five of which with special autonomy status
Milan, Rome, Turin and Naples
about 57 million inhabitants. Italy has the third largest European population with the majority living in the North of the country
Italian (includes small cluster of German, French and Slovene-Italians in the north and AlbanianItalians and Greek-Italians in the South).
German (parts of the Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking); French (small French speaking minority in Valle dAosta region) and Slovene in the Trieste-Gorizia area.
84% Roman Catholic; 16% other including Jewish, Muslim, and Protestant.
education is free and compulsory between the ages of 6 and 154. The adult literacy rate is 97 %
24.000.000 of which services account for 60%, industry and commerce 33%. Unemployment is currently around 11%.
a parliamentary republic; the head of state is the president